[11] The African Union, the operational phase of the African Continental Free Trade Area au.int/en/articles/operational-phase-african-continental-free-trade-area-launched available at the regional level, in addition to SADC FIP, which has eliminated the total settlement of investor-state disputes, supports a prudent approach to ISDS. [44] The ECOWAS Complementary Law, the ECOWAS Energy Protocol, the Comesa Common Investment Agreement and the SADC model set all the conditions for arbitration, thereby strengthening the application of amicable resolution mechanisms in these agreements. [45] Finally, most African nations have signed some of the world`s largest and most notable multilateral agreements on international investment. These agreements include the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement 13 on trade-related measures (TRIM); The WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS); The Convention on the Creation of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA Convention); 14, the Agreement on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States; and the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards.15 While these international agreements are likely to have a more limited impact on investment, these international agreements must also be taken into account in understanding the continent`s complex network of laws. Building on the previous themes of the CT, which have focused on investment procedures and policies in the African context, as well as investment transactions and conflicts in the raw materials sector in Africa, the co-editors invite contributions to this special edition that critically examine the legal and normative implications of AfCFTA. In line with the TDM`s priority focus, this edition will focus largely on the Africanization of international investment law and afCFTA`s role in the global, national and sub-regional development of investment law and dispute resolution. The following topics raise interesting points of discussion. We welcome applications dealing with these and other relevant issues: only a minority of African states have chosen to completely remove an investor`s right to use investor-state arbitration. South Africa, for example, excludes the application of investor-state arbitration [39] and requires foreign investors to seek diplomatic protection from their home countries.